The iOS application development workflow follows the usual pattern mentioned above. It all starts with planning the app, goes on to design, development, testing the product before launch and then constant maintenance as long as the app exists.
But in practice, the iOS development process is not easy. Developers have to follow several development rules determined by Apple to ensure ease of use, privacy and user security. Therefore, application developers need to implement the required elements and the best ways to create a successful end product.
The following list provides a detailed explanation of all steps in developing an iOS application:
1. Initial steps to create an iOS application
Features and Analytics
More than a million apps on the App Store. So, the market is extremely competitive. To ensure that your app will be downloaded many times by many people, you should search the store for which apps are already available. Then, see how these apps work and compare with yours.
Compliance with the App Store guidelines
In addition, the process of creating an iOS app requires that you follow Apple’s development rules. Apple only publishes applications that meet design, security, privacy and other requirements. And there is no other way. That is why all applications have a similar appearance but without losing their uniqueness, which is why most of them are very well made.
2. Design before the process of developing an application
Concept and wireframe
When the concept behind your application is clear, you need to document the requirements for the design team. With that ready, the team can then develop the wireframes – blueprints / digital sketches showing how the application should look. The design stage establishes the basis for the processes and other subsequent phases of app development.
UI & UX Design
It is the key to the process of creating an app, this step determines the user experience and how the app will look. The purpose of this phase is to create a design that is both visually pleasing and easy to navigate / intuitive. The UI and UX of the application must comply with the requirements of the Apple manual.
Another important step that goes hand in hand with design is the planning of software architecture. This step is one of the main stages of the iOS application development process and is responsible for three components of MVC: the data, the user and the software. This involves all measures taken to ensure the scalability and stability of the application.
3. Applying the necessary steps in iOS application development
Although the initial phases of the iOS application development process contribute to the fulfillment of requirements through complete design, the most critical phase of the work is in the development phase.
The development phase is all about bringing the concept of the application to life. At this stage, the development team has to work with three different parts, which are integrated, of the project: back end, API and front end of the mobile application.
When it comes to application functionality, back-end development is the core. This includes all aspects of the server, including maintenance and operation, user account authentication and administration, push notification, integration with social networks, and customization of the user experience.
Application Programming Interface (API), serves as a connection between the front-end and back-end mobile application. APIs form one of the core components of the application development process.
The front-end of an app is the side that directly interacts with the user. This involves coding various design elements, such as wireframes and mockups, caching, and database synchronization. A good front end developer will enable a smooth user experience for various screen sizes and orientations.
Things to consider during development
Before actually starting the development process, it is important to select the technology to be used in your mobile application. In addition, choosing the programming language is essential.
What you must decide before starting iOS application development
XCode: Creating a native iOS requires the use of XCode – Apple’s integrated development environment, which imports application designs. This tool offers several useful features such as editing the source code, UI, debugging and exporting to the AppStore.
IOS programming language: Calculating the requirements, the developer can choose one of the two languages - Objective-C and Swift – to develop the iOS application. While Objective-C is a superset of the C language, it has been gradually replaced by Swift, Apple’s new programming language. It is more concise, sustainable and supports most new hardware units.
Agile development: Due to the rapid changes in mobile platforms, it is always a good idea to finish developing the iOS application as soon as possible. To achieve this goal, developers must choose an agile development approach to deliver quality software.
4. Testing and finalizing the process of creating an application
After completing all the technical phases of application development, the next step is the product testing phase. Testing and reviewing the application is a crucial step, considering the difficulties in submitting and approving Apple’s processes. The developer must review and optimize performance, ensure a perfect user experience, debug, optimize memory usage, security and comply with Apple’s standards guide.
After reviewing the application and ensuring that it will not be rejected, your application must be submitted to the App Store to enter the evaluation and approval process. It may take a few days and weeks for Apple to approve your product.